Dear friends in this article we will discuss ISRO’a missions Chandrayaan-1, and 2 and why mission Chandrayaan-2 failed.
Chandrayaan is a series of Indian Lunar Space Probes. It is called “Moon Craft”.
Chandrayaan-1: India’s First Mission To Moon:
Chandrayaan-1 was the first mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The mission was started between 2008 and 2009 to find out evidence of water molecules on the moon.
When The Chandrayaan-1 Was Launched?
It was launched on October 2008 from Sriharikota (Satish Dhavan Space Center), India.
Chandrayaan-1 has completed its several orbits for transmitting the data until August 2009.
The probe lasted for more than 300 days and the mission ended on 28 August 2009. The estimated project cost for Chandrayaan-1 was US$60 million.
1. To check the presence of water on the moon.
2. To find the elements of matter on the surface of the moon.
3. To notice the existence of Helium 3
4. To make a 3 dimension Atlas of the Moon
5. To collect the details of the evolution of the solar system.
1. Presence of water particles in lunar soil was found.
2. The spacecraft confirmed that the moon was once totally in the form of liquid.
3. The X-ray camera identified the presence of Aluminum, Magnesium, and Silicon on the surface of the Moon.
4. The Chandrayaan-1 camera has sent more than 40000 pictures in just 75 days.
Chandrayaan-2: India’s Moon Orbiter
It is an Indian mission designed to send an orbiter, launcher, and rover to the moon. It was developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
It was launched on the 22nd, of July 2019 from Satish Dhavan Space Center in Andhra Pradesh.
Vikram Sarabhai was the founder of India’s space program so the name Vikram was given to the lander. The lander and rover were scheduled to land in the south-polar region.
It is India’s second moon mission and it is an advanced version of Chandrayaan-1.
The Orbiter was injected into a lunar orbit on 2nd September 2019 and that was India’s first attempt to land on the lunar surface.
Why Mission Chandrayaan-2 Was Failed?
ISRO’s ambitious mission of Chandrayaan-2 failed when the organization lost contact with the lander 400 meters before landing and it crashed on the lunar surface on 7th September 2019.
It was the most complex mission for ISRO.
According to the failure analysis report of ISRO, the mission failed due to a software glitch and ISRO is planning to re-attempt a landing with Chandrayaan-3.
A team of 7 scientists and engineers was involved in this mission.
1. Ritu Karidhal (Mission Director)
2. Mutthayya Vanitha ( Project Director)
3. Kalpana K. (Associate Project Director)
4. Narayanan G. (Associate Project Director)
5. Amitabh Singh ( Deputy Project Director)
6. Chandrakanta Kumar (Deputy Project Director)
7. Nagesh G. (Project Director)
Objectives Of Mission Chandrayaan-2:
1. The ability to land on the lunar surface and to operate a robotic rover.
2. To prepare the 3D maps of the lunar surface.
3. To study the water ice thickness in the south polar region.
4. Scientific goals include mapping the moon’s topography, and mineralogy.
So, this is the information that we need to update you about the mission Chandrayaan. We hope that you will get an idea about ISRO’s mission.
If you want to ask anything then feel free to contact us by commenting down below.
Q.1 How many countries have launched such missions?
Ans: US, USSR, and China have launched the Moon mission till now. India is the fourth place.
Q 2. What is the specialty of Chandrayaan-2?
Ans: It was the first space mission to achieve a soft landing on a south-polar region of the moon and India is the first country to study the Lunar-South-Pole.
Q 3. What is the project cost?
Ans: The estimated project cost is Rs 978 Crore. Approximately 600 crores for satellite development and the remaining Rs. 378 crores for GSLV MK3 Rocket.
Q 4. Why explore Lunar South Pole?
Ans: The Lunar south pole is larger than the South pole and there are more chances of the presence of water.